Papua New Guinea
Only seven per cent of the population has access to the electric grid and a reticulated water system, and two-fifths of health centres and rural health posts have no electricity or essential medical equipment.
Eighty-five per cent of the population live in rural areas and seventy-five per cent of households depend on subsistence agriculture.
Life expectancy is 63 years, 25 per cent of children are unable to attend school, and adult literacy is around 50 per cent.
Poverty and social inequality are persistent, with an estimated 40 per cent of the population living on less than $1.25US per day.
Distance, isolation, lack of transport and an extreme shortage of skilled nurses, highlight the hazards of childbirth in PNG, where the infant mortality rate reached 57 per 1000 live births in 2006.
Gender equity is a significant challenge too with women and girls having substantially less access to health care and education services than men and boys. Sexually transmitted infections rates are among the highest in the Pacific region.
The United Nations Development Programme 2012.